To learn how this data was collected, see our methodology overview.
Boundaries and names shown and the designation used on these maps do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of CDDEP concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Please cite data or figures from ResistanceMap in the following style: The Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. ResistanceMap: [Page Name]. 2022. [URL]. Date accessed: [Date].
Example: 1. The Center for Disease, Dynamics Economics & Policy. ResistanceMap: Antibiotic resistance. 2022. https://resistancemap.cddep.org/CountryPage.php?country=Kazakhstan. Date accessed: May 31, 2022.